wear

wear
wear [wεər]
(verb: preterite wore, past participle worn)
1. noun
   a. ( = clothes) vêtements mpl
• children's/summer/ski wear vêtements mpl pour enfants/d'été/de ski
• clothes for everyday wear vêtements mpl pour tous les jours
• it's suitable for everyday wear on peut le porter tous les jours
   b. ( = use) usage m ; ( = deterioration through use) usure f
• this material will stand up to a lot of wear ce tissu résistera bien à l'usure
• there is still some wear left in it (garment, shoe, carpet, tyre) cela fera encore de l'usage
• he got four years' wear out of it cela lui a fait quatre ans
• it has had a lot of wear and tear c'est très usagé
• normal wear and tear usure f normale
• to show signs of wear [clothes, shoes] commencer à être défraîchi ; [carpet, tyres] commencer à être usé ; [machine] commencer à être fatigué
2. transitive verb
   a. ( = have on) porter ; [+ beard, moustache] avoir
• he was wearing a hat il portait un chapeau
• the man wearing a hat l'homme au chapeau
• he was wearing nothing but a pair of socks il n'avait pour tout vêtement qu'une paire de chaussettes
• she was wearing blue elle était en bleu
• he wears good clothes il s'habille bien
• what shall I wear? qu'est-ce que je vais mettre ?
• I've nothing to wear je n'ai rien à me mettre
• she wears her hair long elle a les cheveux longs
• she wears her hair in a bun elle porte un chignon
• to wear lipstick mettre du rouge à lèvres
• to wear perfume se parfumer
• she was wearing make-up elle (s')était maquillée
• she's the one who wears the trousers or the pants (US) c'est elle qui porte la culotte (inf)
   b. [+ smile] arborer ; [+ look] afficher
• she wore a frown elle fronçait les sourcils
• he wore a look of satisfaction il affichait un air de satisfaction
• she wears her age well elle porte bien son âge
   c. ( = rub) to wear a hole in sth finir par faire un trou dans qch
• the rug was worn thin le tapis était usé jusqu'à la corde
• her face was worn with care son visage était rongé par les soucis
   d. (British) ( = tolerate, accept) (inf) tolérer
• he won't wear that il n'acceptera jamais
• the committee won't wear another £100 on your expenses vous ne ferez jamais avaler au comité 100 livres de plus pour vos frais (inf)
3. intransitive verb
   a. ( = deteriorate with use) [garment, fabric, stone, wood] s'user
• these trousers have worn at the knees ce pantalon est usé aux genoux
• that excuse has worn thin! cette excuse ne prend plus !
• my patience is wearing thin je suis presque à bout de patience
• their optimism is starting to wear thin ils commencent à perdre leur optimisme
• that joke is starting to wear a bit thin! cette plaisanterie commence à être éculée !
   b. ( = last) a theory/friendship that has worn well une théorie/amitié qui a résisté à l'épreuve du temps
• she has worn well (inf) elle est bien conservée
   c. to wear to its end or to a close [day, year, sb's life] tirer à sa fin
► wear away
1. intransitive verb
[wood, metal] s'user ; [cliffs, rock] être rongé ; [inscription, design] s'effacer
2. separable transitive verb
[+ wood, metal] user ; [+ cliffs, rock] ronger ; [+ inscription, design] effacer
► wear down
1. intransitive verb
[heels, pencil] s'user ; [resistance, courage] s'épuiser
2. separable transitive verb
[+ materials, patience, strength] user ; [+ courage, resistance] miner
• the hard work was wearing him down le travail l'usait
• constantly being criticized wears you down ça (vous) mine d'être constamment critiqué
• I had worn myself down by overwork je m'étais usé en travaillant trop
• the unions managed to wear the employers down les syndicats ont réussi à faire céder les employeurs
► wear off intransitive verb
[colour, design, inscription] s'effacer ; [pain] disparaître ; [anger, excitement] passer ; [effects, anaesthetic, magic] se dissiper
• the novelty has worn off cela n'a plus l'attrait de la nouveauté► wear on intransitive verb
[day, year, winter] avancer ; [battle, war, discussions] se poursuivre
• as the years wore on à mesure que les années passaient► wear out
1. intransitive verb
[clothes, material, machinery] s'user ; [patience, enthusiasm] s'épuiser
2. separable transitive verb
   a. [+ shoes, clothes] user ; [+ one's strength, reserves, materials, patience] épuiser
   b. ( = exhaust) [+ person, horse] épuiser
• to wear one's eyes out s'user les yeux
• to wear o.s. out s'épuiser (doing sth à faire qch)
• to be worn out être exténué
► wear through intransitive verb se trouer (par usure)
* * *
[weə(r)] 1.
noun [U]
1) (clothing) vêtements mpl

sports wear — tenue f de sport

2) (use)

for everyday wear — de tous les jours

for summer wear — pour l'été

to stretch with wear — s'assouplir à l'usage

I've had three years' wear out of these boots — ces bottes m'ont duré trois ans

there's some wear left in these tyres — ces pneus ne sont pas encore usés

3) (damage) usure f (on de)

wear and tear — usure f

normal wear and tear — usure normale

to get heavy wear — servir beaucoup

to look the worse for wear — (damaged) être abîmé

to be somewhat the worse for wear — (drunk) être ivre; (tired) être épuisé

2.
transitive verb (prét wore; pp worn)
1) (be dressed in) porter

to wear blue — s'habiller en bleu

to wear one's hair short — avoir les cheveux courts

to wear one's skirts long — s'habiller long

to wear one's clothes loose — aimer les vêtements lâches

2) (put on, use) mettre

I haven't got a thing to wear — je n'ai rien à me mettre

to wear make-up — se maquiller

3) (display)

his face ou he wore a puzzled frown — il fronçait les sourcils d'un air perplexe

4) (damage by use) user

to wear a hole in — trouer

to wear a track in — creuser un sentier dans

5) (colloq) (accept) tolérer [behaviour]; accepter [excuse]
3.
intransitive verb (prét wore; pp worn)
1) (become damaged) s'user

my patience is wearing thin — je commence à être à bout de patience

2) (withstand use)

a fabric that will wear well — un tissu solide

he's worn very well — fig il est encore bien pour son âge

Phrasal Verbs:

English-French dictionary. 2013.

Regardez d'autres dictionnaires:

  • Wear — Wear, v. t. [imp. {Wore} (w[=o]r); p. p. {Worn} (w[=o]rn); p. pr. & vb. n. {Wearing}. Before the 15th century wear was a weak verb, the imp. & p. p. being {Weared}.] [OE. weren, werien, AS. werian to carry, to wear, as arms or clothes; akin to… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • wear — wear1 [wer] vt. wore, worn, wearing [ME weren < OE werian, akin to ON verja, Goth wasjan, to clothe < IE base * wes , to clothe > Sans vastra , L vestis, clothing, vestire, to clothe] 1. a) to have on the body or carry on the person… …   English World dictionary

  • wear — [weə ǁ wer] noun ( fair) wear and tear INSURANCE the amount of damage that can be expected to affect a product or property in normal use. Wear and tear is often taken into consideration by an insurance company when paying an insurance claim: •… …   Financial and business terms

  • Wear — Wear, v. i. 1. To endure or suffer use; to last under employment; to bear the consequences of use, as waste, consumption, or attrition; as, a coat wears well or ill; hence, sometimes applied to character, qualifications, etc.; as, a man wears… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • wear — [n] use, corrosion abrasion, attrition, damage, depreciation, deterioration, dilapidation, diminution, disappearance, employment, erosion, friction, impairment, inroads, loss, mileage, service, usefulness, utility, waste, wear and tear; concepts… …   New thesaurus

  • wear — ► VERB (past wore; past part. worn) 1) have on one s body as clothing, decoration, or protection. 2) exhibit or present (a particular facial expression or appearance). 3) damage or destroy or suffer damage or destruction by friction or use. 4)… …   English terms dictionary

  • Wear — Wear, n. 1. The act of wearing, or the state of being worn; consumption by use; diminution by friction; as, the wear of a garment. [1913 Webster] 2. The thing worn; style of dress; the fashion. [1913 Webster] Motley s the only wear. Shak. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • wear in — ˌwear ˈin [transitive] [present tense I/you/we/they wear in he/she/it wears in present participle wearing in past tense …   Useful english dictionary

  • Wear — 〈[wɛ:(r)] f. 10; unz.; meist in Zus.〉 Kleidung (HomeWear, SportsWear, StreetWear) [engl.] …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Wear — 〈[wɛ:(r)] f.; Gen.: ; Pl.: unz.; meist in Zus.〉 Kleidung; HomeWear; SportsWear; StreetWear [Etym.: engl.] …   Lexikalische Deutsches Wörterbuch

  • WEAR IT'S 'AT — est le premier album des Rubettes, paru en décembre 1974. Liste des titres Way Back In The Fifties Rock Is Dead Tonight The Way Of Love Rumours Your Love Forever Sugar Baby Love Teenage Dream Rock And Roll Survival When You re Sixteen… …   Wikipédia en Français

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